Average daily leisure time in China is 2.55 hours, which is more than three years ago (2.16 hours) according to CCTV’s latest research on China economic life. One third of Chinese leisure time is spent on the internet, especially on mobile phones in China. The research also shows those high-income groups are those who have more leisure time in China in 2015.
ORGANISATION THE TIME LEISURE
With mobile internet boom in China. Baidu mobile search revenue surpassed that of desktop computers in Dec 2014. And, Weibo mobile ad revenues now make up more than half of Weibo’s total ad revenues in 2014 according to Weibo’s financial results. People whose annual income are between RMB50,000 and 60,000 have less than 160 minutes for leisure per day while those whose over RMB210,000 have 180 to 190 minutes leisure time in China in 2015.Though the leisure time is increasing in China, the number is still half of the one in developed countries like Germany, and the U.S. One third leisure time is spent on the internet and one-third on television, one-tenth on reading. Besides, the research points out that among low-income group whose income are below RMB20,000, 12.01% of them do not have any leisure time. Only 5.87% of Chinese people whose income are over RMB100,000 have no leisure time in 2015. Along with economic development and social evolution on both developed and developing countries, leisure activities have become more important and diverse than ever.
LEISURE ACTIVITIES HAVE BECOME MORE IMPORTANT AND DIVERSE
In today’s china leisure, sports and pastimes are enjoyed every day all around china. The Chinese people now have more free time than ever before, because technology is beginning to do their work. Also Chinese people like to spend their free time outdoors as much as possible. Parents will take their children outside to sai tai yang (“soak in some sun”). Even board games which could also be played inside are often played at the park are filled eith people from dawn until dusk engaging in chinese dress , mazhang, kite fluing, tai chi and public dancing. The type of leisure activities the Chinese take depends on how rich or where they live. City residents spend their spare time by learning, such as doing martial arts or performing arts. People who live in the countryside tend to do things more relaxing, but old fashioned. They like to find ways to have fun. Others who can afford a TV set will watch it a lot.
THE MOST POPULAR CHINESE SPORTS AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES
Below you’ll find some of the most popular Chinese sports and leisure activities. When you see someone practicing one of these, consider asking if you could join in. Chances are they would be happy to share their culture and traditions with you.
-Jianzi: Hacky Sack, Chinese-Style
Jianzi stands for Chinese Hacky Sack. During this game, players keep the hacky sack or shuttlecock off the ground using their feet and other body parts, but not their hands. The hacky sack is constructed out of a rubber sole or plastic disk with feathers attached to it. In a formal setting, participants will play on a volleyball or badminton court. In the park, however, people will usually just gather around the jianzi.
-Tai Chi Chuan: “The Boundless Fist”
You may have already seen tai chi being practiced in public parks in your home country. This Chinese sport has two main purposes: to develop good defense skills through building muscle strength and flexibility, and to relax the body and reduce stress. The slow movements of tai chi are grounded in the belief that incoming force should be met with softness, instead of resistance or fighting. It is a gentle way to fight stress and creates a relaxing, meditational atmosphere. It is also commonly offered in hospitals, clinics, and senior centers.
-Tuo Luo: One of China’s Oldest Toys
This is a traditional toy made out of wood and steel. The toy has a steel ball attached to the bottom which spins on the ground. To begin, a string attached to a stick is looped around the top of the tuo luo several times. The toy is then placed on the ground. The player holds on to the stick and pulls the string quickly to make the top start spinning. Then he or she whips the top with the string to keep it spinning fast for as long as possible.
-The Art of Calligraphy
Sometimes, you may see the ancient art of calligraphy being practiced in a public park. Painters draw traditional Chinese characters using a long brush pen soaked in black ink or water. Sometimes outdoor calligraphy contests will be organized.
-Majiang: China’s Most Popular Pastime
This is a strategic board game commonly played by elderly Chinese. While also played at home, people will often gather in the park to play. The game may seem confusing at first and it helps to have a good memory. In the end, however, luck often proves more important than skill. Some view the game critically as it can be addictive and some players bet money on it. Others just treat it as light entertainment and an opportunity to socialize with friends.
-Kite Flying — a Competitive Sport
Kite flying is a traditional Chinese pastime that was declared an official sport in 1991. Regular kite-flying competitions are held in several cities across China. On 20–25 April each year, the annual Weifang International Kite Festival is held in this “Kite City” in Shandong Province. Tens of thousands of participants come from China and abroad to compete with their beautiful and colorful kites in all imaginable shapes and sizes.
-Ping Pong and Badminton: China’s Top Two Sports
The top two Chinese sports are ping pong and badminton. The country regularly takes home the gold in these two sports during the Olympic Games. Both of these sports are also played casually in the park or in local or national competitions. Casual badminton players have no problem playing outside, but more serious players prefer to play inside to avoid possible disruptions by the wind.
-Cuju — From Ancient Kick Ball to Modern Soccer
A game similar to soccer was first recorded in China during the Han Dynasty. Called cuju (“kick ball”), it was played by both men and women with a leather ball filled with hair and other soft materials. It was used as a form of military training and as a pastime to keep the soldiers’ morale high. Today, playing soccer is a popular Chinese sport, although the country is not competitive on an international level.